The Economy & Results From Our Reader Survey
FORECASTS & TRENDS E-LETTER
IN THIS ISSUE:
1. The Economy In The Wake Of The Hurricanes
2. The Latest Economic Data – Not So Good
3. The Fed Trudges Onward & Upward
4. Are We Headed For A Recession Soon?
5. Not A Good Environment For The Stock Markets
6. Don’t Get Blown Away By Hurricane Scams
7. Results Of Our Confidential READER SURVEY
This week, we will focus initially on the latest economic indicators, the outlook for the next 6-12 months, and the latest thinking from The Bank Credit Analyst. We have seen several troubling economic reports over the last couple of weeks. As examples, consumer confidence and new home sales have both plunged much lower than expected.
The $64,000 question is whether the economy is headed for a recession following two of the worst natural disasters in US history, or are we looking at only a moderate slowdown for a few months, followed by another surge in growth sometime next year as the rebuilding of the Gulf Coast shifts into high gear? The answer is not entirely clear just yet. I’ll tell you why below.
What are the implications for the investment markets? The stock markets have held up exceptionally well in light of skyrocketing oil and gas prices and two of the worst hurricanes in history back-to-back, but I still expect to see more weakness to come. Bond yields have risen more than expected over the last couple of months as inflation fears are rising, and I expect rates to climb even more for the balance of this year.
I must say that I am overwhelmed by the response we received to our READER SURVEY last week. We received over three times the response we expected (and what we are told is normal for Internet surveys)! Responses to the questions were overwhelmingly positive, and we got thousands of comments and suggestions, almost all of which were uplifting, encouraging and very helpful.
I will share the survey results in detail with you in the second half of this E-Letter. My sincere thanks go out to every one of you who responded to the survey!!
The Economy In The Wake Of The Hurricanes
Literally everyone in the forecasting business is trying to figure out just how negative the effects of two of the worst hurricanes in history will be on the US economy. Obviously, a starting point is to look back at other major natural disasters to look for parallels. And that is easy enough to do if you have plenty of time, resources and money.
Fortunately, The Bank Credit Analyst did just such an analysis and published it in their latest October issue. They looked at the economic impacts of hurricanes Andrew, Georges and Ivan. Immediately following each of those major hurricanes, we saw a sharp drop in consumer confidence, a decrease in personal spending and a significant drop in manufacturing and construction.
The good news, however, is that within a few months of those hurricanes, the economy recovered quite strongly. That data would suggest that perhaps we will see the same pattern this time, and that after several months of slowdown in the economy, we should expect it to rebound very strongly. Unfortunately, there are several reasons why the next rebound may not be so quick or so strong, if at all.
First of all, we’ve never had two monster hurricanes hit the oil and gas-laden Gulf Coast so close together. We’ve all heard that it will cost $200 billion or more to rebuild New Orleans alone, perhaps another $100 billion to rebuild the rest of the Gulf Coast, and another $50-$100 billion to rebuild western Louisiana and eastern Texas following Rita. We’ve never seen numbers like that before.
Second, these previous disasters did not occur with a simultaneous huge spike in energy prices. As we all know, soaring gasoline prices are taking a big bite out of our collective wallets, and that is money we would otherwise be spending into the economy or saving. As I wrote in my August 30 E-Letter, many economists estimate that GDP will be cut by around 1% (or more) due to oil prices being at $60-$70 per barrel.
Third, the largest seaport in the nation is still operating at a mere fraction of what it was before Katrina. In my September 13 E-Letter, I reprinted an excellent analysis by Dr. George Friedman of Stratfor.com on how the reduction in traffic through the ports and along the Mississippi River will negatively impact the economy overall.
The bottom line is that the economy is likely to get hit harder this time around, and take longer to recover, than in the three previous major hurricanes. Between the energy price spike, the plunge in consumer confidence and restricted traffic at the ports and on the river, I believe we could see GDP drop to 2% or even lower for the next several quarters.
The Latest Economic Data – Not So Good
Last week, the Commerce Department confirmed that GDP grew at an annual rate of 3.3% in the 2Q, down from 3.8% in the 1Q, and down from 4.2% for all of 2004. So the economy was already slowing down before the hurricanes. The Index of Leading Economic Indicators fell 0.2% in August for the second consecutive month.
As noted above, the Consumer Confidence Index plunged from 105.5 in August to 86.6 in September. This is the largest monthly drop in 15 years, putting the index at its lowest point in over two years. Personal consumption spending also fell by 0.5% in August, the largest monthly decline in over four years. I fully expect spending will be worse when we get the report for September. Retailers are now bracing for a poor holiday shopping season.
Remember that consumer spending accounts for almost 70% of GDP. Most forecasters assume that consumer confidence plunged simply because of the hurricanes, and that it will rebound strongly in another month or two, as it has following past hurricanes. I don’t agree. I’ll tell you why below.
The ISM manufacturing index fell to 53.6 in August from 56.6 in July. The index is down from its peak (for this cycle) of 59.1 a year ago.
New home sales dropped a surprising 9.9% in August, over double analysts’ expectations. Housing starts fell 1.3% in August. Fortunately, existing home sales remained strong in August. There is no question that we are in a housing bubble, and there is no question, in my mind at least, that the slowdown in the economy is going to take some air out of that bubble . The only question is how much?
Historically, most bubbles do not end pretty. This is why I continue to recommend that you consider unloading real estate or houses that you may be holding for speculative/investment purposes. If I’m wrong and the bubble continues for another year or two, feel free to give me grief about it. But I would take profits now if you can.
Finally, economic reports weren’t all bad in the last few weeks. Durable goods orders rose 3.3% in August and have been up in four of the last five months. The ISM Index rebounded in September as many companies boosted orders due to fears of hurricane-related shortages in the next several months.
Yet the bad news definitely outweighed the good, at least recently.
The Fed Trudges Onward & Upward
On September 20, Greenspan & Company raised the Fed Funds rate for the 11 th consecutive time to 3.75%. Many had hoped the Fed would take a break in light of the twin hurricane disasters. But not only did they raise the rate, they stuck to their policy language indicating additional rate hikes at a “measured” pace.
There are many, including The Bank Credit Analyst, who believe that the Fed is going to overshoot on the upside. The Fed has a long history of over-reacting both on the upside and the downside. The risk, of course, is that they raise rates too much, and this causes the economy to go into a recession.
The Fed really is in a “conundrum.” On the one hand they see soaring energy prices and a Consumer Price Index that rose 0.5% in August and is up 3.6% year over year. They also see the Producer Price Index that is up 5.5% year over year. Remember, Alan Greenspan’s main purpose in life (he thinks) is to keep inflation under control.
On the other hand, the Fed is also very concerned that deflation could well unfold whenever we hit the next recession. I absolutely agree! This fear makes them want to raise short-term rates as much as they can, so that they have some ammunition – in the form of interest rate cuts – to fight the next recession.
So don’t be surprised if we get yet another rate hike on November 1. Not good for the economy.
Are We Headed For A Recession?
Most of the sources I respect do not believe that the hurricanes and Fed policy will push the economy into a recession. The latest survey of leading economists suggests that the economy will have only a mild slowdown in the aftermath of the hurricanes. The latest survey from the National Association of Business Economists saw an average cut in GDP estimates by less than one-half a percent over the next two quarters, as reported by the Wall Street Journal last week.
Estimates like these (large groups of economists) are almost always too optimistic. These numbers are almost certain to come down more – probably a lot more – over the next couple of months. As noted above, I see GDP growth dropping to an annual rate of 2% or less as the damages from the hurricanes are quantified, especially if gas prices remain as high as they are today.
The Bank Credit Analyst has a similar view as mine. They expect GDP growth will fall below 3% for several months. They had been predicting a slowdown in consumer spending even before the hurricanes hit. But they do not believe the economy is headed into a recession. They say: “The bottom line is that the economy may remain more subdued than generally expected early next year, but a recession still has low odds.”
Most forecasters, including BCA, believe that the economy can rebound strongly after a couple of weak quarters, especially if President Big Spender (oops, I mean Bush) and Congress spend several hundred billion on hurricane rebuilding.
But let us not forget: Americans in general are in a really FOUL MOOD! Be sure to read the first link in SPECIAL ARTICLES below to see the results of the latest FOX News public opinion poll. Most people are really fed up and in a funk!
My point is, there is NO guarantee that consumer confidence is going to rebound anytime soon, as it has after past disasters, and it could get even worse. If consumer spending continues to fall, the slowdown in the economy will be considerably worse than most analysts are currently predicting.
Not A Good Environment For The Stock Markets
In my August 30 E-Letter, I strongly recommended that you take profits in most of your stock investments (unless professionally managed) and move to an under-weight position in equities. After being a stock bull for many years, I have turned much more cautious for reasons noted above and others. I have not changed that view, even though the equity markets have held up quite well despite two national disasters and more Fed rate hikes.
Disappointing economic news is very likely to continue for the next 3-6 months or longer. Consumer confidence and spending may not rebound sharply anytime soon. And it appears a given that the Fed will continue to hike rates, at least for a while. None of this is good for stocks in general.
I’m not predicting a bear market in equities, but I believe the most likely scenario is that stocks break out of the 18-month trading range to the downside. If correct, it remains to be seen just how much selling will result, but I can assure you that it could be significant. So I would strongly recommend that you move to an under-weight position in your equity portfolio.
Obviously, if most of your equity portfolio is managed by professional “active” managers, then you do not need to reduce your positions – provided, that is, that your manager(s) has a good track record of getting out of the way of major market downturns.
As noted above, most bonds have already begun to move lower, and this could well continue. With inflation numbers clearly on the rise, bonds will likely continue to move lower. On the other hand, with the economy due to slow down – and for longer than most analysts expect – this should serve to limit losses in bonds. Net result: a continued trading range, most likely.
Don’t Get Blown Away By Hurricane Scams
As always, there are those who are peddling new scams to take advantage of good-hearted folks who want to help the hurricane victims along the Gulf Coast. Beware of any group that is calling you to donate money for hurricane relief, unless it’s the American Red Cross or the Salvation Army or some other well-known charitable group.
[By the way, if you get lots of unsolicited sales calls at home, as we do at the Halbert house, here’s a tip. Rather than just say no, or hang up on them, be sure to ask: Do you have a “do-not-call list?” Telemarketers are required by law to have such a list. When they answer yes, then say: Put my name on your do-not-call list. They’re required to do so.]
In addition to the new hurricane scams out there, the “gloom-and-doom” crowd is having a field-day in the wake of the twin disasters. Now, their predictions of gloom are even more shrill than ever. Stocks are going to hell in a handbasket, so sell everything you own; inflation is going to explode; interest rates will double; precious metals will skyrocket; and of course, the US economy is headed for a depression. And on and on.
Yet what you will notice in almost all of the gloom-and-doom pieces is an offer to sell you something to protect you from the guaranteed horrors that lie ahead.
These people have no shame. They will try to capitalize on any opportunity to: 1) pump you with fear; and 2) then suck you in with fear. Just say no!
Results Of Our Confidential READER SURVEY
First, let me say that I am totally overwhelmed by the level of response we received to the Reader Survey and how quickly so many of you responded. I am surprised by how resoundingly positive your responses were. Even most of our hard-core liberal readers were resoundingly courteous and respectful, even though they disagree with my political views. Many even said, that while they disagree with me politically more often than not, they appreciate the fact that I will criticize President Bush and the Republicans when I think they are wrong.
I cannot thank those of you who responded enough! Your responses and suggestions will make me a better writer and analyst.
One last thing before I give you the results. As you know, we engaged a private, independent company to administer the survey so that it could be truly confidential and anonymous. The cost was surprisingly affordable. The level of reporting and analysis that they provided was simply awesome in scope and in how fast they had results.
That company is Conclusive Data ( www.conclusivedata.com) and I could not recommend them higher to any of you who might have a need for an Internet survey. I am super impressed!
Okay, now for the results.
Level of Response – Conclusive Data told us generally what level of response we should expect from such a large audience of readers, most of whom I don’t even know. The response was 3-4 times what they projected and still counting. I don’t know what to say but THANK YOU again.
Level of Comments & Suggestions – In surveys like this, it is very hard to get respondents to take the time to write in comments and suggestions. People will check boxes they can just click on, but they are reluctant to take the time to actually type in comments and suggestions. Yet we literally got thousands of comments and suggestions! We haven’t even been able to count them all yet.
Here are your overall responses to the 10 questions in the Survey:
1. How Often Do You Read This E-Letter? Almost three-quarters of you answered “Every Week.” This is unheard of, based on our 28 years of writing newsletters, doing marketing and what we are told by other Internet sources.
2. Topics You Like Best. Your overall responses on this question were not a big surprise. The topic choices were: investments; economics; geopolitics and world events; politics; and media bias. There was a high level of interest in all the topics, but as you might expect, economics and investments were the most popular.
3. What Should I Write About In The Future? Interestingly, 85% of you told me to continue to write about what interests me the most, and to continue to mix it up as I see fit. A lot of readers wrote in suggestions for additional topics they would like me to write about. I will consider these in the future, at least those I am knowledgeable about.
4. Length Of The E-Letters. Here again, 83% of respondents said the length is “just about right” (6-8 pages per week). More than you know, this helps me a lot. I do not want to bore you, or take too much of your time each week.
5. Do you read the SPECIAL ARTICLES links at the end of each E-Letter? The overwhelming response was that you read “some of them ” but not all. This is exactly the response I would have expected.
Just keep in mind that I rank them in order of importance, to me at least, so read the top 2-3 even if you don’t read them all. And if I really want you to read them, I will tell you in the body of the E-Letter.
6. How Would You Rate Forecasts & Trends E-Letter Overall – Helpful, Informative, Interesting? In all three categories, the response was overwhelming, over 90% positive.
7. & 8. Do you also read John Mauldin? This was the most surprising response from the survey. I’ll share a little inside info with you here. John Mauldin and I both write for InvestorsInsight.com each week. John was the initial Contributing Editor for InvestorsInsight.com for a year before I started my weekly column.
John Mauldin and I are old friends and former business partners. John has learned a lot about investing from me, and on his own, and I have learned a lot about marketing from him over the years.
Since I started writing for InvestorsInsight.com three years ago, John and I figured that apprx. one-third of you read John-only, and apprx. one-third of you read me-only, and that apprx. one-third of you read us both.
But based on the survey, it appears that apprx. two-thirds of you read us both on a regular basis. And only about one-third of you read only-John or only-me. This is surprising to us.
9. Feedback & Commentary. This was your largest and longest feedback question. You had hundreds of responses that will take us a few weeks to fully digest. Almost all responses were positive , and only a few were negative. Almost all of the comments and suggestions were very thoughtful and are very much appreciated.
10. Why You Haven’t Invested With Us? This response was very interesting to us, and the response varied widely. The top three responses were:
A. Most of my money is in my retirement plan, and I can’t invest with you;
I will address these responses, and many of your comments and suggestions in future issues of this E-Letter, but space does not permit this week.
Overall, the survey results were very interesting and very helpful. I’m overwhelmed by the large response. Thank you so much!
Very best regards,
Gary D. Halbert
New poll: Americans are in a funk.
Gulf Coast port damaged hurts the economy.
Why the GOP could lose in 2006 (and 2008).
Forecasts & Trends E-Letter is published by ProFutures, Inc. Gary D. Halbert is the president and CEO of ProFutures, Inc. and is the editor of this publication. Information contained herein is taken from sources believed to be reliable but cannot be guaranteed as to its accuracy. Opinions and recommendations herein generally reflect the judgement of Gary D. Halbert (or another named author) and may change at any time without written notice. Market opinions contained herein are intended as general observations and are not intended as specific investment advice. Readers are urged to check with their investment counselors before making any investment decisions. This electronic newsletter does not constitute an offer of sale of any securities. Gary D. Halbert, ProFutures, Inc., and its affiliated companies, its officers, directors and/or employees may or may not have investments in markets or programs mentioned herein. Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results. Reprinting for family or friends is allowed with proper credit. However, republishing (written or electronically) in its entirety or through the use of extensive quotes is prohibited without prior written consent.